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On 11 December 2017, the Council of the European Union adopted a decision to establish Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO), a framework established under the Lisbon Treaty which aims to deepen defence cooperation among the 25 Member States who have decided to participate, including Ireland.

The first set of 17 PESCO projects was adopted by the EU Defence Ministers on 6 March 2018, and Ireland has signed up to participate in two of these projects: European Union Training Mission Competence Centre and Upgrade of Maritime Surveillance, which are described below.

To find out more about PESCO within the broader context of the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy, read the IIEA’s recent paper on the topic by Patrick Keatinge, available here.

This infographic is available to download here.